Mandarin is the official and legal business language of China, and it’s spoken by nearly one billion people around the world. It’s the national language of the People’s Republic of China and Taiwan, and it’s spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and by countless Chinese living abroad.
Various Chinese ethnic groups located outside northern China learn Mandarin as a foreign language in school and speak it as a second language. Standard Chinese is also the language of the media.Instant quote
Taiwanese is the only other Chinese language to enjoy a certain special status, and it’s tolerated in the media for political and economic reasons. Nevertheless, Mandarin’s position as the official state language and national standard remains undisputed.
Naturally, we offer you professional translations into and from this important language. Our translators are native speakers with relevant knowledge of a wide variety of fields.Instant quote
Spoken Mandarin is based on the regional pronunciation of the Peking dialect. Mandarin is historically rooted in the language of the Han Dynasty, the source of all Chinese dialects. The languages of China’s various regional capitals, however, were spoken beyond their respective regions.
Use of the term ‘Mandarin’ to describe the standard language of civil servants first appeared during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The imperial capital was relocated to Peking in this period, which explains why the Peking dialect spoken there – Mandarin – was elevated to become the standard language of the empire.
After the Opium Wars and China’s military defeat at the hands of neighboring Japan, people were in favor of a common national language that could unify and strengthen the country.
After the fall of the Chinese emperor, a body of linguists sought to establish Mandarin as the universal Chinese standard. With the overthrow of the imperial court, these efforts intensified. Although language diversity in China continued to be supported, oral and written mastery of the Mandarin standard language was made compulsory throughout the country.
Standard Chinese, or Mandarin, is a tonal language like all Chinese dialects. Syllables may have as many as four tones or none at all, pronounced atonally. With fewer than 500 syllables, standard Chinese is a relatively understandable dialect. It borrows from many other languages, however, especially Japanese, as well as Latin, Italian, Mongolian, English, and regional dialects.
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